Rajiv Gandhi Shiksha Mission, Zilla Panchayat, South Bastar Dantewada, Chhattisgarh, India.

Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) is Government of India’s flagship programme for achievement of Universalization of Elementary Education (UEE) in a time bound manner, as mandated by 86th amendment to the Constitution of India making free and compulsory Education to the Children of 6-14 years age group, a Fundamental Right.

SSA is being implemented in partnership with State Governments to cover the entire country and address the needs of 192 million children in 1.1 million habitations.

The programme seeks to open new schools in those habitations which do not have schooling facilities and strengthen existing school infrastructure through provision of additional class rooms, toilets, drinking water, maintenance grant and school improvement grants.

Existing schools with inadequate teacher strength are provided with additional teachers, while the capacity of existing teachers is being strengthened by extensive training, grants for developing teaching-learning materials and strengthening of the academic support structure at a cluster, block and district level.

SSA seeks to provide quality elementary education including life skills. SSA has a special focus on girl’s education and children with special needs. SSA also seeks to provide computer education to bridge the digital divide.

‘Development through Education and Education through development’ is a motto of Vigyan Ashram (fig.1). VA believe it is necessary to use technology to increase pace of our rural development. VA also believe technology is needed to increase efficiency and effectiveness of everything we do. To spread the available technology to masses, we need to educate them. Such technology based services can only be made accessible to villagers through small enterprises. Small enterprises will give boost to local economy which in turn helps in real development of village.

Fig 1. Education through Development

To realize vision of RDES, VA has following program, which are interlinked to each others (fig.2). Education is at the center of the VA’s program. Technology development is another division of VA’s work. Technology developed will be disseminated through education program. Students learn by ‘Learning while doing’ methodology and while doing so they provide services to community at modest cost. This gives students experience and confidence to start their own enterprises. Appropriate technologies will get disseminated through these rural enterprises and at the same time large pool of technology literate will be created through school program, who will have scientific temper and work culture imbibed in them.

Fig. 2 RDES

Basic Principles of Vigyan Ashram’s program »

  1. Learning While Doing – Students will learn by actually doing things in real life situation i.e ‘Natural way of learning’.
  2. Multiskill training – Students will learn multiple skills in nature. Nature is the syllabus.
  3. School must be a production center – Students are expected to provide services to community. Community is expected to pay for the services. They will learn to work on real life problems of community and find solutions to it.
  4. Instructor must be an entrepreneur – He must have demonstrable skills.

Jnana Prabodhini (Marathi: ज्ञान प्रबोधिनी) which means ‘Awakener of Real Knowledge’ in Sanskrit is a social organisation in India. Started with the motto of “Motivating Intelligence for Social Change”, its work now has grown in to multiple directions of social work.

Jnana Prabodhini works in fields such as education, research, rural development, health and youth organisation. It spans its presence to various locations in Maharashtra, India, such as Pune, Nigdi, Salumbre, Solapur, Harali, Ambajogai. It is also doing some works in parts of Jammu and Kashmir and the north eastern states of India.The organisation has started a school in Nigdi, Solapur and Sadashiv Peth, Pune.

Jnana Prabodhini, which is non-political organization headquartered in Pune, Maharashtra, India, aims at the development of physical, mental, intellectual and spiritual qualities of people in general and of the youth in particular. This development should lead to leadership qualities, motivation building, attitude forming and understanding the problems of India.

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